If you are having problems logging in after our change of primary domain, please clear cookies/site data from newgon.net and yesmap.net. This can be done in your browser settings.

Child Pornography

From NewgonWiki
(Redirected from Child pornography)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Actual legalization-era magazine from Denmark
Censored and annotated version of Brooke Shields' 1975 photoshoot
Roger Cook tunes in, for an investigation in 1987
Now-illegal (fully nude) Japanese Lolita Photobook
Up-to-date info meme summarising CP facts (Chinese translation inside file)
"Sam, 16, quits A-Levels for Ooh-Levels”: The British Press only stopped printing topless Youth Erotica when it became illegal with the Sexual Offences Act of 2003. Many of those same newspapers went on to instigate pedophile panics.
2021 IWF case study of material featuring 3-6 year olds

"Child Pornography" (CP) is a broad term which refers to nude, sexual, or pornographic depictions of children, minors, or persons under the age of consent, usually within the context of prohibition. The definition varies across jurisdictions, often with regard to moral and cultural sensibilities such as perceptions of nudity or appropriate ages for sexual activity. There are also a number of specific crimes related to child pornography; for example - "making" images (contrary to most people's perceptions, this is simply the act of saving an image) and "distributing" them. In many cases the laws pertaining to different CP crimes use different labels and the term "Child Pornography" itself remains a colloquial, catch-all term.

Etiology of the victimhood paradigm

Following its identification in the 1970s, "CP" has quickly risen to occupy a strange place in the popular psyche. Subsequent to ever-increasing regulations and penalties, the act of viewing and collecting imagery classified as CP is often seen as significantly worse than having sexual relations with a minor, with penalties in the US commonly approaching 10 years or more. This is thought to be not only because of the false belief that CP is an industry (outside of law enforcement), but because use of "CP" constitutes ponderous self-acknowledgement of forbidden temptations, rather than the mere inability to resist such temptations. Following media misinformation starting in the late 70s and 80s, to most Americans the mere mention of "Child Porn" conjures up false images of "pedophilia on steroids" and the violent rape of prepubescent children and infants on film.

In the 00s and early 10s, it was common for Western regulators, law enforcement agents and social theorists to claim that each instance of viewing "Child Pornography" was a separate act of abuse against the "child" featured in the material, regardless of whether or not the "child" was aware of this.[1][2] More recently, preventionists and prohibitionists such as Prostasia Foundation and Brave have recirculated this argument, even describing it as an "understatement".[3][4]

Those in favor of liberalizing CP statutes may point to the aforementioned "voodoo abuse"[5] trope as evidence that CP's prohibition relies upon an unchallenged "metaphysical" wrong, or "thought-crime". Sometimes also described as the "revictimization" narrative of CP, the argument is rarely applied to acts of "non-sexual" victimization (i.e. depictions of battered women in domestic abuse campaigns) or acts of state violence (i.e. depictions of chemical and nuclear warfare). While the producers are aware that many of those viewing domestic abuse campaigns will be inclined to such acts, and that chemical warfare is justifiable under some authoritarian ideologies, imagery of "non sexual" harm is permitted as it is implicitly assumed their dissemination is not only necessary for public education, but their wrongfulness is graphically obvious. Thus, regulators' fear with respect to CP, is that its harmfulness can not be detected by simply viewing the images, and indeed, that minors may appear to have enjoyed their abuse by giggling on camera or experiencing an orgasm.

Dissent in the judiciary

In some cases, American judges have felt the need to apologize for unnecessary and draconian "mandatory minimum" sentences against men who pose no risk to society.[6] Dissent against excessive sentences for CP remains widespread in the American judiciary,[7] and is an often-cited criticism of Ketanji Brown Jackson, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.[8]

As recently as 1990, the US Supreme Court published a dissenting opinion (supported by Justices William Brennan, Thurgood Marshall and John Stevens) that defended the right of individuals to privately possess CP, on the grounds of constitutionality and freedom of thought.

Etymology

Etymologically speaking, the term "pornographos" referred to depictions of harlots (prostitutes) in Ancient Greece. Labelling child images as pornography (calling them whores, essentially) contradicts the thought process that children cannot consent to sex. Prostitutes must by definition be consensually selling sex, otherwise it is rape and not prostitution. People who are sold as objects without their consent are called sex slaves, not prostitutes.

Nature and history of "CP"

See also Research: Child Pornography and Research: Double-Taboo CSA.

Legal prohibition of child pornography in the United States and Western world emerged in the late 70s as a consequence of the then-current moral panic over child sexual abuse. In the United States, the Protection of Children Against Sexual Exploitation Act of 1977 banned for-profit production and distribution of child pornography at the federal level.[9]

Some early legal battles over child pornography in the United States hinged on the concept of obscenity, a legal term used to denote pornography and other materials which can be prosecuted and regulated by the state. Paul Ferber, the owner of an adult bookstore in Manhattan, was prosecuted under a New York State obscenity law after selling an undercover policeman films depicting young boys masturbating. A state trial declared Ferber guilty of promoting indecent sexual performances but found that the films did not constitute obscenity. The conviction was unanimously overturned by The New York Court of Appeals, suggesting that child pornography that was not "obscene" was Constitutionally protected. However in the 1982 case New York v. Ferber the Supreme Court unanimously held that material depicting children engaged in sexual activity could be banned.[10]

In the late 80s and early 90s, a number of photography controversies rocked the American Intelligentsia as Child Pornography laws continued to be tightened. Cincinnati Contemporary Arts Center director Dennis Barrie was charged with violating obscenity laws for presenting "Robert Mapplethorpe: The Perfect Moment." He was acquitted by a jury. FBI and local police broke into San Francisco photographer Jock Sturges's home to investigate a photo-lab tip that Sturges was a child pornographer. Ten months after confiscating most of his possessions, and destroying some of his film stock and records, charges had still not been filed. Sally Mann is another example of a photographer who faced similar controversy in the 90s, and one case even involved a photograph of a man with an erection holding his infant son - defended as non-obscene.[11] Lawrence A. Stanley summed up these events in an article republished by Newgon in 2023.

It was not until 1990, in the case Osborne v. Ohio, that the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the mere possession of child pornography could be made illegal. In a 6-3 decision, the court held an interest in banning images used to "lure" or groom minors as among the reasons to prohibit the material. A dissenting opinion was written by progressive justice William Brennan; he was joined by liberals John Paul Stevens and Thurgood Marshall, the court's first black justice. Brennan's dissenting opinion argued, "When speech is eloquent and the ideas expressed lofty, it is easy to find restrictions on them invalid. But were the First Amendment limited to such discourse, our freedom would be sterile indeed. Mr. Osborne's pictures may be distasteful, but the Constitution guarantees both his right to possess them privately and his right to avoid punishment under an overbroad law."[12] More recently, constitutional arguments have been made testing the "gray area" between age of consent laws and "child" pornography, where the former is lower than 18.[13] Some have also argued that prohibitions against CP are inherently unconstitutional.

Most people would intuitively assume that "CP" investigations focus on the "worst kind" of material and pay less attention to "borderline" collections. This is not true, however, with well known cases such as LS series, Webe Web, Azov and the formerly legal material from the 70s featuring "teen nude or semi-nude modeling" type material with provocatively posed adolescents, who have provided positive testimony following their experiences. "Low hanging fruit" is therefore the bread and butter of law enforcement agents when it comes to prosecuting CP. Even some of the better-shared series of oral and penetrative sex described as "rape" would appear to have been made at the very least voluntarily. Compare for example, Wikipedia's account of the "Vicky Series" to the conflicting account[14] of Nathan Larson, an incel. The IWF of all institutions would appear to agree with the objective content of these observations, albeit couching them in loaded language.[15]

Another assumption is that CP is traded commercially in a "multi-billion dollar industry". Again, as our research articles detail, this is a long way from the truth,[16] and even the "worst" sentences are handed out to non-commercial traders.[17]

Self-made and "capped" material (mainly 2010>)

As mentioned in our research articles, most material in circulation nowadays is self-made (i.e. by teens themselves, with phones and webcams). In the IWF's 2022 report, even 70% of the prepubescent material was self-produced, and this number continues to rise.[15]

It is a widely known "problem" that teens and sometimes even preteen minors[18] will not only produce their own "selfies" for sharing with one another, but strip and display of their own accord during livestreams on well-known sites such as Omegle and historically YouNow. Since these sites are very large and considered to be mainstream, a "safety in numbers" effect can be observed in which any illegal activity taking place goes under the radar. In some cases, enterprising youths will actively seek to monetize their content, as was the case with the now defunct KidsChat.[19]

That material which does circulate via the dark web is occasionally "capped" (saved video footage) from the above type of site, with boys being particularly willing to strip and perform when they are lured with video of stripping and masturbating girls and women. Cappers of teenagers are very secretive about sharing their material, often taking measures to prevent it leaving the dark web. When cappers of boys have been approached for comment, they tend to defend this practise as the only available method of producing material in the present environment, adding that it rarely if ever circulates on the clear web.

Post-2000 international prosecutions (with country of origin)

LS Series (Ukraine)

From 2001 to 2004 approximately 1,500 girls aged eight to sixteen years old were said to have modeled for the agency. Youth erotica photos and videos were produced and distributed over the Internet to various countries. The alleged agency, known as Ukrainian Angels Studio, distributed commercial youth erotica on the web as LS Models, and had a number of different domains such as LS Island, LS Magazine, Lolitas on Holiday, LS Dreams and a series of sites under the LS Land moniker. During the time it operated LS Studios also run an online forum called LS-Forum where people could talk about the models and ask questions.

Typical LS material is too explicit to show here, even in its censored form, but is known to have amounted to naked or partially clothed girls, smiling coquettishly in front of naturalistic or plush interior backdrops, legs wide open. From its creation in 2001 up to July 2004, LS Studio produced hundreds of thousands of high quality images and videos of preteen and young teen girls, all shot by professional photographers in stage sets and custom clothes with make up artist at hand. The target appeared to be hebephiles, and no sexual touching was ever involved.

In July 2004 Ukrainian police, in collaboration with Interpol, raided this softcore agency, and its bank accounts were frozen and a Porsche car belonging to the main organiser and computer equipment were seized.[20][21] After LS Studios was raided and the servers seized, organised underground groups rebranded the material under their own name. LS Series material has been found at illegal child erotica sites under many other different names.

Webe Web (America)

Webe Web Corporation, a Florida (USA) based child modelling company was raided in 2005 by the FBI and prosecuted under the allegation that they produced child pornography, although Webe Web never published a single video or picture of a naked underage girl and the Government itself admitted to "uncooperative witnesses" (see their video testimony[22]). Out of over half a million photographs of non-nude child modelling, the prosecutor only picked up a few dozen of them for the trial. Even after the Court was informed that the parents all were aware of the photoshoots and present when they took place, it was also learned that Webe Web made over a million dollars in profit, not surprisingly six former Webe Web models asked for restitution money, some up to $150,000, six other models declined, and three other child models and their parents did not even want to speak with Government agencies investigating the hypothetical "child abuse". In light of the situation and risking a 30 year prison sentence the defendants thought it wiser to plead guilty in exchange for a lighter sentence. Jeffrey Robert Libman was sentenced to 108 months (9 years) imprisonment followed by supervised release for the remainder of his natural life, Libman was also ordered to pay $1,600.00 in special assessments, and agreed to forfeit all criminal proceeds to pay restitution. Jeff Pierson was sentenced to 67 months (approximately 6 years) imprisonment to be followed by 10 years of supervised release. Marc Evan Greenberg was sentenced to 33 months (approximately 3 years) imprisonment followed by 3 years of supervised release. Greenberg agreed to forfeit all criminal proceeds to pay restitution.[23][24]

Azov Films (Canada and Eastern Europe)

See also, BoyWiki's full list of articles detailing these events.
Azov series example

Azov Films, first known as MovieBizz and later renamed Baikal Films, was a company with business offices in Canada that operated for over ten years until May 2011. The company specialized in commercial coming of age and nudist films featuring young boys that were shot in Ukraine, Romania and Moldova. Azov nudist films showed naked preteen boys having fun at home, sauna or at the pool, with no sex involved. The company, 4PSP Inc., was first investigated by Canadian police in 2006, but nothing illegal was found.[25][26][27]

Toronto Police Service raided the company business offices 1st of May 2011 arresting the owner Brian Way, they seized business records containing customer purchases dating back many years and passed it on to governments around like the world including Australia, Spain, Norway, Mexico and the United States. Those countries started to arrest anybody who had bought the films and charged them with child porn. During a Toronto Police Service press conference, the word naturist was hardly mentioned by the spokeswoman, using the term "child sex abuse" instead. In order to describe images of nude boys, a few press articles mentioned, in a now cliché manner, that the films contained "horrific sexual abuse" and "some of the most horrific images ever seen". Yet, the affidavits of the arrests, quote law enforcement inspector testimonies claiming that the videos show "lascivious exhibition of genitals" and "sexually explicit conduct", also claiming that only 160 videos out of the over 600 that Azov Films sold have been classified as "child pornography". Law enforcement affidavits mention that detectives used customer's email addresses to subpoena email providers and ISPs to confirm that the email used to make the order matched credit card details, law enforcement also used computer IP, date and time the purchase order took place, all of this data was extracted from Azov Films servers and the manager's laptop.[28][29][30][31][32][33][34]

"Victim" testimony follows:

Brooke Shields at 10 in Playboy

Cristi became a well-known draw on Azovfilms.com, receiving top billing and a steady following. “I have no anger” towards Roth, says Cristi, now 18. “It was not such a big deal as everyone made out.”[35]

1990s European "Action Boy" type hardcore

As laws and restrictions tightened around the world, yet another genre emerged, and that was European gay "boy" porn. Distinct from the present "twink" genre, this material is exemplified by the work of Sebastian Bleisch covered by Karl Andersson's excerpts on our article on revisionism in the Gay Community.[36] The males featured would fall between the ages of roughly 14 and 21 - ID was said to be required by the producer to prove models were above the age of 16, but was often faked.

Formerly legal content, inc. hardcore (mainly 1970s)

See also: List of MAP-related magazines.
Brooke Shields, some time after she was featured in Playboy

Color Climax, a well known Danish porn company still in business, was one of the few studios openly advertising in the seventies that they produced child pornography videos, as per Wikipedia. Its "Lolita" video series featured young girls with men, women, or other children, some of the titles produced by Colour Climax included "Incest Family", "Pre-Teen Sex", "Sucking Daddy" and "Child Love".

COQ International was another Danish company producing child pornography, they specialized in boys, one of their magazines, "Piccolo", contained a mix of hardcore and soft core child porn photographs, another magazine called "Boy", consisted of mere nudity, they also produced another magazine called "Uncle Joe". Other European productions were "Anna and her Father" and "Bambina Sex" (Danish). In the Netherlands a magazine with prepubescent girls called "Lolita" was published. Child porn magazines had very little text consisting of sexual caption on the photos, most pages were printed in black and white, but the frontpage was always in color. Up until recently, most of the hardcore youth erotica found on the Internet consisted of low-quality grainy photographs from scans of those magazines produced 40 years ago.

For a short time in the late 1970s Playboy Magazine published nude images of minor girls; French model Eva Ionesco appeared in the Italian edition of the magazine at age 11 in 1976 and again on the cover of the Spanish edition in 1978.[37] Playboy published nude photographs of a 10-year-old Brooke Shields in the United States in a 1976 publication entitled Sugar 'n' Spice.[38] Though courts have held that the images of Shields do not technically constitute pornography, they still demonstrate a brief period when the prevalence of pedohebephilic impulses among men was culturally acknowledged.

The start of Stanley's Playboy article

In a 2021 interview in The Guardian, Brooke Shields was asked if she felt harmed by her participation in sexually-oriented films and nude photo shoots as a young girl. She responded, "there's something incredibly seductive about youth... I think it just has different forms and it's how you survive it, and whether you choose to be victimized by it. It's not in my nature to be a victim."[39]

Politically-correct alternatives and their limitations

Most people who become politically engaged on the topic of "Child Pornography", or prohibited images of minors in general, prefer to use alternative terminology. There is presently no agreement on what form this should take.

"CSAM" (prohibitionist)

In 2024, a Canadian NGO ran an awareness campaign on "Self-Generated Child Sexual Abuse Material".

In light of well publicized "failures" of establishment figures to accept revisionist modern beliefs about CP,[40] a politically correct term, CSAM (Child Sexual Abuse Material) has come into use. CSAM, or CSEM (substituting "exploitation") is used particularly by eliminationists such as INHOPE. However, since most such material is now produced by minors, this term and the idea that all such material can be eliminated, is inherently problematic and has implications for civil liberties. Nevertheless, bodies such as the IWF, INHOPE and Nominet have put their weight behind the terminology "Self-Generated CSAM", albeit (but not always) within the context of extortion of younger minors.[41]

It should also be noted that most such minor pornographers are in fact teenagers and not prepubescent children, who feature in a tiny minority of such material despite being of greater importance to investigators. Some investigations would also appear to contest the idea that the rarer, adult produced "CSAM" meets widely accepted scientific definitions of "abuse". Instead, such material may only violate legal statutes passed many years after production.

The UK's Internet Watch Foundation uses "Child Sexual Abuse Imagery",[42] implying (as with the similar "CSAM") that self-capture of nudity and masturbation is a form of self "abuse" by a "child" unto him or herself (see prohibited images of children). David Finkelhor suggests a transition from CSAM/CSAI to "Image-based Sexual Exploitation and Abuse of Children", although admits it may not adequately describe material youth create themselves and then share deliberately.[43]

As early as 2008, international regulatory networks were already attempting to change the "official language", "to reflect the seriousness of the phenomenon and to emphasize that pornographic images of children are in fact records of a crime being committed".[44]

"Youth Erotica" (libertarian)

IWF - 2021. Category A is the "most extreme" and generally the "rarest" material. This data (from a regulator) would appear to support the libertarian terminology over the prohibitionist

A more accurate term for the genre would be "Youth Erotica"[45] (or Child Erotica for prepubescent material), although libertarian terms have not seen widespread use due to the legal schemes in most western countries (see Child Pornography Laws, or Wikipedia's piece on the legality of CP).

The "child erotica" variant has seen some use in US law for reasons other than its accuracy. "Child Erotica" images of clothed children are deemed to be inappropriate if they arouse "lewd, prurient or sensual" desires, and have thus introduced a lower bar than CP laws.

Law enforcement as promoters

Much of the panic surrounding CP spans from the efforts of target-chasing law enforcement agents, who are known to confect nonexistent examples of CP (a typical method is labeling an entire collection "CP" if it contains but a few suspect titles) and even actively peddle it through the dark web.

Hyping non-existent "CP"

One prominent example, in which an unfortunate UK pederast was convicted for 18+, production-legal mainstream porn (19 nitten, mike 18, Schoolboy Crush) was highlighted by Karl Andersson

There have been many examples of mislabeling "child pornography" to create sensational "scoops" for the media.[46] In 2021, California's Central Valley Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force claimed that Michael Martin was found in posession of "more than 1,000 DVDs containing videos of children being raped" [our emphasis], adding "detectives consider this to be one of the largest collections of child pornography they have ever come across in an investigation".[47] In the first story, a photograph of what appears to be numerous rip-off DVDs and a small number of commercial (i.e. legal) titles was published. The reason for censoring the titles of those commercial DVDs was at the time unclear. Suspicions about the veracity of these claims were later confirmed after Martin's sentencing, when more detailed photographs[48] of the collection were published, revealing well-known commercial "twink" gay porn labels such as Eastboys and Sex Slaves of Sodom,[49] which even has its own IMDB page.[50] The reason for censoring the initial image was therefore likely to be the potential embarrassment caused to law enforcement upon identification of banal pornography. Despite Martin's lawyer confirming that the CP element of the collection related to a small removable hard drive, trafficking-conspiracy influencer An Open Secret went on to use the images of perfectly legal material to repeat the original claims in a Twitter thread that went on to be shared over 5,000 times.[51]

Active distribution

Law enforcement departments are considered to be one of the primary distributors of "CP". Indeed, as early as 1990 at a southern California police seminar, the LAPD's R. P. "Toby" Tyler proudly announced as much. The government had shellacked the competition, he said; now law enforcement agencies were the sole reproducers and distributors of child pornography.[52]

In the famous, and more recent instance of "Childs Play", Australian police took over a million-user CP forum for 11 months in 2016-2017. During this period, the number of posts containing one or more CP images were said to have effectively trebled, from 4500 to over 12,000, many of which were posted by LEOs themselves.[53] The parent of one girl even went so far as to insist that the police officers who circulated images of her daughter should have paid her:

My daughter should not be used as a bait. If they are using her images, then she should be paid or compensated for their use. It is not right for the police to promote these images, says the mother.[53]

It was also found that other federal institutions such as the FBI had similarly taken control of other well-known resources in order to carry out sting operations and distribute malware.[54][55][56]

A threat to civil liberties?

Niks Magazine - Not actually a CP magazine

Corporations and governments have abused CP to increase surveillance and crack down on encryption. Apple, for example, once planned to search every image on their devices without the consent of the owners, only backing down after mass uproar.[57] In 2022, the UK government launched the No Place to Hide campaign, abusing figures and yet largely failing in an attempt to provoke public outrage against the use of encryption.[58][59][60]

American lawmakers have also attempted to use "CP" as an excuse push over-broad and unconstitutional laws against LGBTQ+ books in school libraries[61] and mainstream pornographic websites, especially those that allow user-generated content.[62] Such laws would usher in potentially limitless surveillance of porn consumption, using "any means deemed necessary" at the time, to verify users' age for entirely unscientific reasons. At the same time, websites with exponentially larger CP "problems" such as Twitter,[63] Facebook/Meta and other mainstream social media[64][65] would be virtually untouched. In one early-20s example, a political organization (NCOSE) campaigning for such reforms could only find 14 such examples of (suspected) CP on the "adult" websites it was targeting, despite the total number of reports running to 29.3 million throughout all media.[65] In another example of extreme lawmaking, the Australian government introduced regulations that could easily be interpreted as banning images of adult women with small breasts.[66] Since these laws were introduced, they have been repeatedly criticized by civil libertarians and those who believe they promote unrealistic and sexist beauty standards.[67][68]

Liberalization attempts

Criminalization of CP/Youth Erotica took place mainly in the post-70s era, sometimes gradually. Subsequent attempts at liberalization have been few and far between.

Hungary

In 2007, a bill modifying Hungary's penal code was proposed, which would legalize the production and posession of erotica involving 14 to 17-year-olds. The Justice Ministry said the draft proposal, presented by Hungarian Justice Minister Jozsef Petretei, was in line with European Union norms which give members states the right to regulate the issue at national level.[69]

Swedish Pirate Party

The party's founder, Rick Falkvinge has written in support of removing Child Pornography laws from a rational consequentialist/pro freedom-of-information perspective. In two essays from 2012, he elaborates his position.[70]

See also

For a comprehensive list of articles, see Category:Child_Pornography.
Brooke Shields, once again. 1975 San Antonio Star

To avoid confusion of this topic, we constructed a series of articles that relate to this issue:

In addition to this, all of the following may or may not be considered child porn:

External links

Our research article on CP also contains numerous articles on this topic, including official manipulation of statistics.

References

Peter Glawson - A nudist model who was popular in the 70s
  1. Wortley, Richard; Stephen Smallbone. "Child Pornography on the Internet". Problem-Oriented Guides for Police. No. 41: 17. "The children portrayed in child pornography are first victimized when their abuse is perpetrated and recorded. They are further victimized each time that record is accessed."
  2. Sheldon, Kerry; Dennis Howitt (2007). Sex Offenders and the Internet. John Wiley and Sons. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-470-02800-1. "... supplying the material to meet this demand results in the further abuse of children Pictures, films and videos function as a permanent record of the original sexual abuse. Consequently, memories of the trauma and abuse are maintained as long as the record exists."
  3. Prostasia Foundation on Harms of "CSAM"
  4. Bob Shilling circulates CP myths
  5. Human Stupidity: Voodoo Abuse
  6. Judge Weinstein: NY Times
  7. Gayle Rubin - see towards end of video
  8. Sen. Hawley questions Judge Jackson’s discretion, judgment
  9. Wikipedia - Child Pornography
  10. Wikipedia - New York v. Ferber
  11. "Father and Son" case
  12. Wikipedia - Osborne v. Ohio
  13. Age of Consent and Child Porn Debated at 8th Circuit
  14. Vicky series
  15. 15.0 15.1 2021 IWF Annual Report: Case Study, backup, and 2022 version
  16. MARGARET A. HEALY, ECPAT, CHILD PORNOGRAPHY: AN INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE (2004)
  17. Allen Man Caught With 58 Terabytes Of Child Porn Sentenced To 35 Years
  18. Children as young as 8 are voluntarily sharing nude photos: police
  19. KidsChat archive
  20. Wikipedia: LS Series
  21. Anarchopedia: LS Series
  22. Webe Web video testimony example 1 - backup, example 2 - backup
  23. LiGiHeaven: Webe Web
  24. Wikipedia: Webe Web
  25. Child porn bust: Anatomy of an international child pornography investigation
  26. BoyChat Thread
  27. 348 people arrested in child-porn case connected to Canadian firm
  28. Richard Keller Affidavit
  29. Gerard Silva Affidavit
  30. Gerald Denault Affidavit
  31. Phillip Woolery Criminal Complaint
  32. Nicholas Sysock Criminal Complaint
  33. Josh Ensley Criminal Complaint
  34. Ryan Bieler Criminal Complaint
  35. Child porn bust: How one man seduced an entire village
  36. Full copy, including extended analysis of the Sebastian Bleisch legal controversy can be found at Boylove Library (content and its legality may vary according to jurisdiction)
  37. Eva Ionesco’s “Playboy” Magazine Photos: Their Youngest and Most Controversial Model
  38. Was Brooke Shields Photographed for ‘Playboy’ at Age 10?
  39. Resurfaced 1978 Article Sexualizing Brooke Shields, 12, Sparks Outrage
  40. Pope sparks moral outrage over his CP comments
  41. See for example End Violence, Nominet and INHOPE's treatment in which they place more emphasis on extortion.
  42. IWF 2021 Annual Report
  43. Finkelhor (2023). Child sexual abuse images and youth produced images: The varieties of Image-based Sexual Exploitation and Abuse of Children
  44. The 2008, the World Congress III against the Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents stated in their formally adopted pact that: "Increasingly the term 'child abuse images' is being used to refer to the sexual exploitation of children and adolescents in pornography. This is to reflect the seriousness of the phenomenon and to emphasize that pornographic images of children are in fact records of a crime being committed." -
  45. After The Fall: Mentioned Youth Erotica within this context in 2015
  46. Fantino: Example of nonexistent CP in Xtra
  47. Central California Man Arrested In Case Of Huge Child Porn Cache
  48. Less than a year in jail for Fresno man who had child pornography videos
  49. Central Valley - More detailed photos (Archive)
  50. Sex Slaves of Sodom - IMDB
  51. An Open Secret Twitter thread (before amassing 5000+ shares)
  52. Seminar at University of Southern California, according to James Kincaid.
  53. 53.0 53.1 VG - Investigation into a CP Investigation
  54. EFF - Playpen case
  55. Vice - Playpen case
  56. Guardian: Police take over CP site
  57. Prostasia on Apple
  58. Rolling Stone - UK No Place To Hide campaign
  59. The @ukhomeoffice-funded #NoPlaceToHide campaign claims that “14 million reports” of child abuse may be “lost” if @Messenger implements #endtoendencryption. Here’s a horrible thought … (By Dropsafe)
  60. Why we need #EndToEndEncryption and why it’s essential for our safety, our children’s safety, and for everyone’s future #noplacetohide (By Dropsafe)
  61. LGBTQ Nation: Proposed library ban on LGBTQ Books
  62. PROTECT Act - Overbroad
  63. NBC News: Twitter under Elon Musk is still a hive of CP
  64. NCMEC CyberTipLine Data 2022
  65. 65.0 65.1 YNOT: NCOSE/Facebook
  66. Inquisitr: Australian Government Censor Confirms Small Breast Ban…Sort Of
  67. The Week: Australia's 'small breast' ban
  68. Women with Small Breasts Face Discrimination in Australian Pornography
  69. USA Today: Hungary may legalize porn involving 14- to 17-year-olds for home use
  70. Three Reasons Possession Of Child Porn Must Be Re-Legalized In The Coming Decade, and Child Porn Laws Aren’t As Bad As You Think. They’re Much, Much Worse
  71. Omegle: Children expose themselves on video chat site